Gambling in the Philippines has been current since the nineteenth century, and remains widespread in the country today. Presently, it takes on different legal and illegal types found nearly throughout the archipelago. The government handles gambling through the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) that intends to regulate and operate games of chance, and also to create government capital, but there are also other public and private agencies that handles specific forms of gambling. In particular, casino gambling under PAGCOR is necessary to the nation's tourism and earnings. The Philippines has more casinos than Macau, with twenty located in Metro Manila alone.
Even before the Spanish colonization., gaming is said to have been within the Philippines. Even though there are no exact records when gaming was first practiced in the archipelago, it is possible that a few forms were introduced by the Chinese in the late sixteenth century. Due to the proximity of both nations, many local Chinese would go to the Philippines for both business and gain, engaging in different trades and actions.  On Magellan's voyage into the Philippines, it was noted in the accounts of Antonio Pigafetta, he had witnessed bets being placed on cockfights when his ship arrived at Palawan in 1521.
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